Our San Antonio OBGYNs diagnose and treat PCOS
PCOS, or polycystic ovary syndrome, is the result of women’s body producing high levels of androgens. In the United States alone, we think as many as 5 million women may have this condition. Thankfully, doctors like our San Antonio OBGYNs can provide treatment and support.
Medical science hasn’t arrived at a consensus as to exactly what causes this condition. However, it may be the result of genetic or environmental factors. Researchers believe that elevated insulin levels may also have a link to PCOS, as many women who have this condition also have insulin-resistance.
Signs and symptoms of PCOS
Every woman with PCOS will experience varying symptoms, which develop as early as age 11. You may experience the following signs and symptoms.
- Menstrual problems, including irregular, infrequent periods or no periods at all
- Hirsutism, or unusual or increased hair growth on the chest, stomach, back, toes, thumbs or face.
- Moderate to severe acne
- Weight gain or obesity
- Hair loss
- Black or dark brown thickened patches of skin
- Ovarian cysts
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Infertility problems
Other conditions that appear to be associated with this condition include metabolic syndrome, Type II diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure and heart disease.
There is no single, definitive test for PCOS. As a result, it’s important to see an OBGYN who has the knowledge and experience to make the correct diagnosis.
Our San Antonio OBGYNs begin the diagnostic process by taking a complete medical history. Your doctor will also perform a physical exam, including a pelvic exam, to check for signs of PCOS.
If we suspect that a patient has this condition, we will recommend blood tests and possibly a pelvic ultrasound to check for ovarian cysts.
Since each woman experiences different PCOS symptoms, each patient needs an individualized treatment plan. Here is a guide to the most common treatments.
Birth control pills with both estrogen and progesterone help with menstrual irregularities and reduction of androgens. They can also help with acne and hair growth. Progesterone-only pills are also an option.
Metformin is a diabetes medication that can help with PCOS symptoms.
Weight loss and diet plan can help because studies show that losing as little as 10% of body weight can make menstrual cycles more regular.
For women who are experiencing infertility problems with polycystic ovary syndrome, our San Antonio OBGYNs may prescribe ovulation-inducing medications such as Clomid or Letrozole. For more information about PCOS, contact us.